The Census Bureau serves as the leading source of quality data about the nation's people and economy. We honor privacy, protect confidentiality, share our expertise globally, and conduct our work openly. We are guided on this mission by our strong and capable workforce, our readiness to innovate, and our abiding commitment to our customers.
The U.S. Census counts every resident in the United States. It is mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution, and takes place every 10 years. The data collected by the decennial census determine the number of seats each state has in the U.S. House of Representatives, and is also used to distribute billions in federal funds to local communities.
The 2010 Census represented the most massive participation movement ever witnessed in our country. Approximately 72 percent of the households returned their census form by mail; the remaining households were counted by census workers walking neighborhoods throughout the United States. The data collected by Census Bureau is currently being processed and tabulated, with national and state population totals released by December 31, 2010.
What Data We Collect & When
* Population & Housing Census — every 10 years
* Economic Census — every 5 years
* Census of Governments — every 5 years
* American Community Survey — annually
* Our many surveys — both Demographic & Economic
* Economic Indicators — each indicator is released on a specific schedule, see the Economic Indicator Calendar