As Herman Melville Whitney and A.J. Moxham were building the Sydney steelant, they were also building a city. While the community of Sydney wasfounded in 1785, the community’s very nature was altered by the creation ofsteel in its midst. At the turn of the 20th century Sydney went from beinga fishing community to an industrialized city. The population exploded,tripling by 1901. The Steel Company endeavoured to offer its employees thebenefits of modern life in a small town that was growing faster than itcould develop. The Steel Company built houses, water lines, subways, and ahospital. The Company took it upon themselves to offer services andfacilities that the new city could not provide, but that their workers, whowere mostly immigrants, had come to expect.The Company’s generosity, however, had its limits. By 1912 theCompany asserted to the community that they were steel producers andnothing else. The Company had provided the necessary infrastructure andnow it was up to the city of Sydney to fund these services and futureprojects. The Company asserted their responsibility to maintain itsemployees and their families, not the entire population of the city. Thecompany therefore stepped back from its civic function and asserted itscorporate identity.This lecture will trace the arrangement made between Whitney and thetown of Sydney for the development of the steel plant within the town. Thearrangement was mutually beneficial to both parties. The town woulddevelop into a city and hence have a broader tax base, and the companywould get tax breaks and 450 acres of land for its plant.